Invest in real estate on your own terms with secured or unsecured mortgage notes
If you don’t want to be burdened with maintenance costs or rental vacancies, you can invest in mortgage notes in your self-directed IRA. You can also be a real estate lender with your IRA funds and help others purchase new properties. You set the terms of the loan, including time frames and interest rates. The payments will go to your retirement account.
There are two types of notes:
Secured notes, deeds of trust, and mortgage notes are basically the same thing, depending on the state that you reside in.
Unsecured notes are not backed by collateral and thus often pose a higher risk than a secured note. Because of this increased risk, unsecured notes are generally structured at a higher interest rate.
What are Secured Notes?
A Real Estate Note is secured by real property. The documents required by a self-directed IRA administrator for notes secured by real estate vary by the type of note you are requesting:
If you are issuing a new note or seller carry back note, simply submit a copy of the original note, deed of trust or mortgage, and a copy of the lender’s title report.
If you are buying an existing note, you will need to submit a copy of the original note, recorded deed of trust or mortgage, title policy, deed of trust or mortgage assignment, note endorsement, and note purchase agreement, if applicable.
If a borrower cannot pay the balance on a note, the property can be sold to satisfy the debt.
What are Deeds of Trust?
Trust deeds, deeds of trust, and mortgage notes are basically the same thing, depending on the state that you reside in. In a trust deed, the investor loans money to a borrower using real estate as collateral. The loan is secured with a Trust Deed, which is recorded in county land records against the collateral. The terms of the loan are detailed in the Promissory Note.
You will want to define the type of real estate you feel comfortable lending against. Working with a local real estate broker who specializes in trust deed investments is a good start. Perform your due diligence by asking for references, requesting a schedule of loans that have funded, and confirm the status of the broker’s license.
It is advisable to order a third-party appraisal or valuation of the property you intend to invest in. You will want to verify that the value of the collateral is sufficient to return the principal on your loan. Additionally, obtain a Title Policy from a reputable title insurer that insures your trust deed on the property. Lastly, verify that the borrower has property insurance on the property and request verification that it names you as a "Mortgagee.” Seek legal and financial advice from trusted representatives.
What are Unsecured Secured Notes (Promissory Notes)?
A promissory note is a legal agreement between a buyer and a lender. The note contains the promise to repay a loan, along with the terms for the repayment. The note is not recorded in county land records. The lender holds the promissory note. When the note is paid off, the note is marked paid in full and returned to the borrower.
How do I invest with Mortgage Notes?
Sellers looking to offer financing to potential buyers can have a real estate note created for the transaction. It is important to have your note drawn up by a real estate attorney and that you understand the terms of the note:
1. Open and fund your self-directed IRA.
2. Find an individual or entity interested in borrowing money from your IRA. The loan must be secured by real estate.
3. Complete and submit a Real Estate Note Buy Direction Letter to your self-directed IRA administrator to request funds. You must include supporting documents. The documents required are based on the type of note (Secured Note):
Issuing new note or seller carry back note.
Buying an existing note.
If you are partnering your IRA with personal funds, both you and your IRA are the lenders. In this case, you need to add the percentages of ownership interest to title.
For example, The Trust Group, Inc. FBO John Smith Account #12345, [Percentage of ownership] % undivided interest.
4. When you have submitted the required documents, your self-directed IRA administrator will process the investment and remit funds to the borrower or to the entity responsible for closing the transaction. Normal processing takes approximately three business days with funding happening on the fourth business day, unless corrections are required. A special handling fee applies to expedited processing requests.
5. Assignment of Deed of Trust: The Deed of Trust or mortgage is owned by your self-directed IRA.
6. Send all documents related to the promissory notes to your self-directed IRA administrator for record keeping. They must receive all documents signed by all parties for IRS audit purposes.
Your self-directed IRA administrator must sign investment documents on behalf of your IRA. You will note “read and approved” with your signature and date each page of the investment documents. If the borrower is an entity, they must see the entity formation documents to verify that the transaction is not prohibited under IRC 4975.
After the investment is completed, all payments made according to the terms of the note must be submitted to your self-directed IRA administrator using a Deposit Coupon form.
For specific account questions, please contact a self-directed IRA administrator.
Disclaimer: Before you invest in this business sector using your IRA, it is best to consult with your investment, legal and tax advisor. DREI,LLC does not endorse or recommend any of these investments. Proper due diligence by you the IRA holder is recommended before entering into any transaction.